Free guide to use estar present tense

In this post, I’d like to write about estar present tense.

I’d like to explain how the verb estar in present tense works by showing some examples so you can understand better its forms and how to use it.

At the end of this post, you’ll find a downloadable free PDF with a guide with everything I say in this post and estar conjugation in present tense. You can also do some exercises in my next post about estar.

Estar present tense forms

To be able to start communicating using the verb estar, we must know which the present tense forms of estar are.

As I’ve said above, it’s irregular in this tense but there is some good news: It’s only irregular in the first person singular (yo) ?! The rest of the persons are conjugated as any other regular verb of the first conjugation (meaning –AR ending verbs).

That being said, here’s a table with the conjugation of estar in present tense:

YO ESTOY
EST-ÁS
ÉL/ELLA/USTED EST-Á
NOSOTROS/ NOSOTRAS EST-AMOS
VOSOTROS/ VOSOTRAS EST-ÁIS
ELLOS/ELLAS/ USTEDES EST-ÁN

 

Estar in present tense: uses

The uses of estar have actually nothing to do with the verb tense in which they are used. That is: there are a few uses for estar and they can be used in every verb tense. However, since we are studying estar in present tense, I’m going to show you the most basics uses for the verb estar with some examples.

  1. To say the date:

ES> Hoy estamos a veintisiete de septiembre

EN> Today is the 27th of September/ September 27

  1. With the adverbs bien,mal

ES> Los ejercicios están bien

EN> The exercises are correct

ES> Laura está muy mal. Necesita ir al médico

EN> Laura is ill. She needs to go to the doctor

[ctt title=”Estar present tense” tweet=”Estar present tense” coverup=”1np9e”]

  1. To express where something/someone is

ES> Pedro está en el bar

EN> Pedro is at the bar/pub/café/restaurant

ES> Los gatos están debajo de la mesa

EN> The cats are under the table

ES> El monumento está al otro lado de la calle

EN> The monument is on the other side of the street

  1. To express your mood/feelings

ES> Estoy feliz después de aprobar el examen

EN> I am happy after passing my exam

ES> Fernando está asustado. Tiene miedo a la oscuridad.

ES> Fernando is scared.

EN> He’s afraid of darkness

  1. To express the temporary situation of a person: ESTAR+DE+NOUN

ES> Pablo está de camarero en un bar

EN> Pablo is working as a waiter in a bar/café/restaurant

ES> María y Laura están de vacaciones en Galicia

EN> María and Laura are on holidays in Galicia

ESTAR PRACTICE

In my next post, you will find some exercises to practice “estar”. Now, you can download the free guide to know the most basics uses for the verb “estar”. 

[sociallocker id=5676]DOWNLOAD THE FREE GUIDE [/sociallocker]

Imagen post: flaticon