Free guide to use estar present tense
In this post, I’d like to write about estar present tense.
I’d like to explain how the verb estar in present tense works by showing some examples so you can understand better its forms and how to use it.
At the end of this post, you’ll find a downloadable free PDF with a guide with everything I say in this post and estar conjugation in present tense. You can also do some exercises in my next post about estar.
Estar present tense forms
To be able to start communicating using the verb estar, we must know which the present tense forms of estar are.
As I’ve said above, it’s irregular in this tense but there is some good news: It’s only irregular in the first person singular (yo) ?! The rest of the persons are conjugated as any other regular verb of the first conjugation (meaning –AR ending verbs).
That being said, here’s a table with the conjugation of estar in present tense:
Estar in present tense: uses
The uses of estar have actually nothing to do with the verb tense in which they are used. That is: there are a few uses for estar and they can be used in every verb tense. However, since we are studying estar in present tense, I’m going to show you the most basics uses for the verb estar with some examples.
- To say the date:
ES> Hoy estamos a veintisiete de septiembre
EN> Today is the 27th of September/ September 27
- With the adverbs bien,mal
ES> Los ejercicios están bien
EN> The exercises are correct
ES> Laura está muy mal. Necesita ir al médico
EN> Laura is ill. She needs to go to the doctor
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- To express where something/someone is
ES> Pedro está en el bar
EN> Pedro is at the bar/pub/café/restaurant
ES> Los gatos están debajo de la mesa
EN> The cats are under the table
ES> El monumento está al otro lado de la calle
EN> The monument is on the other side of the street
- To express your mood/feelings
ES> Estoy feliz después de aprobar el examen
EN> I am happy after passing my exam
ES> Fernando está asustado. Tiene miedo a la oscuridad.
ES> Fernando is scared.
EN> He’s afraid of darkness
- To express the temporary situation of a person: ESTAR+DE+NOUN
ES> Pablo está de camarero en un bar
EN> Pablo is working as a waiter in a bar/café/restaurant
ES> María y Laura están de vacaciones en Galicia
EN> María and Laura are on holidays in Galicia
In my next post, you will find some exercises to practice “estar”. Now, you can download the free guide to know the most basics uses for the verb “estar”.
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