Spanish personality adjectives [with list and real examples]
When we want to describe a person’s personality, saying how he/she is, his/her character, certain adjectives are used which give us a very specific information. That is why in today’s post I’d like to share with you some Spanish personality adjectives that will help you to effectively describe any person’s character and personality.
When do we use the Spanish personality adjectives?
All of us will need to describe at some point the character or personality of another person. Here are some cases where you could use the Spanish personality adjectives:
- Among friends, you are describing the personality of one of your friends.
- You are criticizing a friend, relative, neighbor…
- You are talking about your job and someone asks you what your boss is like.
- You have met someone and somebody asks you what is he/she like (character and physically).
- You have just met someone and someone asks you what you thought of them. You still don’t know him or her but you need to express your first impression. You would need those Spanish personality adjectives to be able to do it.
Spanish personality adjectives list
Here’s an infographic that takelessons made with a guest post I wrote for them with a great list of adjectives in Spanish to describe the personality.
Brief grammar note to use adjectives
We have to keep in mind which verbs we must use with the adjectives that describe the personality in Spanish, the difference between using one or another and the importance of agreeing in gender and number.
Verbs to use with the Spanish personality adjectives
These adjectives can be mainly used with the verbs ser, estar and parecer, although the sentence won’t have the same meaning in all three cases. Here’s a practical example so you can see it more clearly:
|Julio es antipático||Julio está antipático||Julio parece antipático|
|In this case, I know Julio and I know how his character is. I know it because I know him, I know he’s not usually friendly but quite the opposite.||In this case, I also know Julio and I know he’s NOT usually rude. He’s usually very friendly but today he’s in a bad mood and he’s being rude.||In this case, I do NOT know Julio. It’s the first time that I see him and his appearance tells me he’s unfriendly. I actually don’t know but it’s what I think of him.|
Gender and number agreement
As you already know, adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they are with. Meaning that if the adjectives in Spanish to describe personality are with a feminine noun, the adjective will also be in feminine and if it’s with a plural noun, the adjective will be in plural too.
Just to remind you, the feminine is created with the ending –a, the masculine with the ending –o, although it also exists the ending –e which it’s usually for both masculine and feminine.
Take a close look at the list above, the adjectives as paciente, amable, alegre, agradable, pesimista or desagradable do not change in gender. But be careful, they do change in number, that is when they are with a plural noun they also are plural. Look at this example:
Mis hijos son muy impacientes.
I’ve said before that the adjectives ending in –a are feminine. However, there are also adjectives ending in –a which are invariable regarding gender. Here are some examples:
María es una egoísta. No quiere compartir sus pasteles con nadie
Juan es muy egoísta. No quiere compartir sus pasteles con nadie
Esas chicas son egoístas
Los primos de Juan son egoístas, no quieren compartir sus juguetes
If you look at the example, the adjective “egoísta” hasn’t changed, it stays invariable when it’s with a noun, be it masculine or feminine.
I hope this post about the Spanish personality adjectives helps you with conversations describing people 😉